Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA)
From 2011 to 2014, in the Uluguru Mountains, the MICCA’s pilot project which combined conservation agriculture with agroforestry was carried out by FAO and partners under the CARE International’s Hillside Conservation Agriculture Project (HICAP). The project integrated soil and water conservation and zero tillage practices into smallholder farm management.
The project aimed to improve yield and livelihoods, and reduce erosion, burning, and deforestation. Capacity needs assessments were first undertaken to develop a portfolio combining suitable Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) practices. The implementation strategy then relied on gender sensitive farmer’s led extension approaches and demonstration plots.
Based on the pilot project findings as well as on a national workshop, the work continued in Tanzania. The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Fisheries especially developed a CSA Guideline to inform on mainstreaming climate change adaptation and mitigation objectives within agriculture development, through the implementation of the CSA approach. The HICAP’s activities were spread over an area of 17 000 ha and involved 4 948 households.