• Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture

    The 23rd Conference of the Parties (COP 23) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), held in Bonn, Germany from 6th to 17th November 2017, marked a milestone for negotiations on agriculture by reaching a decision on next steps for agriculture within the UNFCCC framework, the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture. Credit: CIAT The Joint Work decision on Agriculture enables countries and stakeholders to share views on the elements to be included in the work ahead of the next session of subsidiary bodies in April-May 2018. This presents an opportunity for countries and observer organizations to air their views on a number of issues, “starting with but not limited to the following”: Modalities for implementing the outcomes of the in-session workshops organized over the past years. Methods and approaches for assessing adaptation, adaptation co-benefits and resilience. Improved soil carbon, soil health and soil fertility under grassland and cropland as well as integrated systems, including water management. Improved nutrient use and manure management towards sustainable and resilient agricultural systems. Improved livestock management systems. Socioeconomic and food security dimensions of climate change in agriculture. Actions on the ground – and learning from them – can inform the discussions that will take place. In order for transformation to occur, agriculture has to be seen in a broad sense to include policies, services and institutions. Public private partnership will be a cornerstone for this transformation, together with efforts to scale up climate financing to the sector, transforming agricultural research for development, and building capacity, including through South-South cooperation mechanisms. The work under the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture is only due for reporting back to COP26 in November 2020. Read more

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  • Climate-Smart Agriculture Mainstreaming in Development Project

    Agriculture is an essential pillar of The United Republic of Tanzania’s economy, and a key driver of rural development. In fact, the sector employs about 78 percent of the population; it contributes to approximately 95 percent of the national food requirements; it provides livelihood to more than 70 percent of the population; and it accounts for about half of the gross domestic product and export earnings. However, the majority of households still produce at subsistence level, and agriculture is mainly rain fed, hence more susceptible to climate change impacts. Specifically, the United Republic of Tanzania is already experiencing the adverse impacts of climate change, which is suppressing and distorting the country’s efforts to improve productivity of the agriculture sector as a whole, and having long-term implications if no adaptation measures are put in place. In response to climate change challenges on food and nutrition security, the United Republic of Tanzania has been undertaking various efforts at the national level, including the development of the National Adaptation Programme of Action (2007), the National Climate Change Strategy (2012), the Agriculture Climate Resilience Plan (2014–2019), and the National Climate-Smart Agriculture Programme (2015–2025), together with the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (2015) submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The recently launched Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) guideline was framed according to these existing documents, reiterating the government’s commitment to make the agricultural sector climate-smart by 2030. Hence the CSA guideline is an instructive tool that highlights key climate change and agricultural risks in the United Republic of Tanzania and provides information on mainstreaming climate change adaptation and mitigation objectives within rural development. More particularly, it provides guidance on how this could best be achieved through the implementation of the CSA approach, in line with other policies related to agriculture sectors, food and nutrition security, and climate change. Framed in community-based and gender-sensitive approaches, it will help harmonise and bridge the services and knowledge provided by different stakeholders and support the governments’ efforts to facilitate the implementation and scaling up of CSA, and hence the actions related to agriculture sectors in the NDC of the United Republic of Tanzania. Its goal is thus primarily to inform on the implementation of the CSA framework and to describe the CSA practices and technologies best suited for different regions and agro– climatic zones of the country. Hence, operationalization of the CSA guideline is an important step towards achieving the global and national goals of sustainable agriculture production in a changing climate in the United Republic of Tanzania.

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